9.6. Protective Monitoring Obligations¶
Her Majesty’s Government (HMG) Information Assurance (IA) practitioners will have Protective Monitoring obligations, already laid down in national IA policy and HMG IA Standard No. 1 & 2 supplement.
The Good Practice Guide was developed to provide guidance on meeting these obligations. Further details are supplied by the NCSC.
To help assist those with Protective Monitoring obligations, we have created this page to outline which portion of SFTPPlus functionality applies to a Protective Monitoring Control.
As mentioned in the Guide, organisations are reminded that any particular Protective Monitoring product or service is subject to some form of independent assurance plus extensive acceptance testing by the business.
- PMC1 Accurate Time in Logs
- PMC-2 Recording Related to Business Traffic Crossing a Boundary
- PMC-3 Recording relating to suspicious behaviour at a boundary
- PMC-4 Recording on Internal Workstation, Server or Device Status
- PMC-5 Recording Relating to Suspicious Internal Network Activity
- PMC-6 Recording Relating to Network Connections
- PMC-7 Recording of Session Activity by User and Workstation
- PMC-8 Recording on Data Backup Status
- PMC-9 Alerting Critical Events
- PMC-10 Reporting on The Status of The Audit System
- PMC-11 Production of sanitised and statistical management reports
- PMC-12 Providing a Legal Framework for Protective Monitoring Activities
- SFTPPlus logs contain accurate time stamps for the events recorded.
Example log of a file being processed details the timestamp of these actions:
20182 2017-01-30 11:56:41 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 Account “jan” logged in.40007 2017-01-30 11:56:41 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 HTTP/HTTPS file access successfully started in “/Operations/jan” as “/”.40021 2017-01-30 11:56:41 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 File opened for upload at “/Reports/February-2017-Report.PDF”.40017 2017-01-30 11:56:41 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 Successfully uploaded file at “/Reports/February-2017-Report.PDF”.
As this PMC relates to network activity at the boundary with a view to detecting suspect activity, this is more related to activities outside the scope of the software such as boundary firewalls.
- SFTPPlus status changes are recorded in the log and meets the objective of this PMC which is to detect changes to device status and configuration.
Examples of such changes include:
- Changes to file transfer services such as enabling a service or changing the listening port.
- Changes to different identity and authentication providers of an account.
- Changes to components that implement custom business logic for file transfer workflows.
- Changes to the component state are tracked such as the start / stop / failure states.
- And more as a multitude of components make up the file transfer process.
- Unsuccessful attempts are logged and the administrator will be able to review these.
An example of an unsuccessful OS authentication attempt is below:
20136 2016-11-17 09:31:55 Process Unknown 127.0.0.1:49569 Account “alice” forbidden by os authentication “Operating System Accounts” using “password” Credentials denied
- SFTPPlus will log any connection attempt on any of its ports configured to listen for file transfer services.
Even if the data communicated over those connections is not a file transfer protocol, this activity is logged. For example, an SSH connection attempt is recorded as seen in the logs for the PMC-7 section.
- Session activity by the user is logged.
Each network connection is uniquely identified using the source IP and port. This information will be associated to any actions logged for the activity by a connection.
Once a connection is successfully authenticated, the authenticated account is associated with any action done by that connection as long as the connection continues being authenticated.
An example of such activity is below:
30014 2017-01-17 11:56:42 Process Unknown 127.0.0.1:50568 New SSH connection made.20137 2017-01-17 11:56:42 single-server-uuid 127.0.0.1:50568 Account “eric” of type “os” authenticated as “eric” by os authentication “Operating System Accounts” using ssh-key.20182 2017-01-17 11:56:42 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 Account “eric” logged in.30011 2017-01-17 11:56:42 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 Subsystem SFTP successfully started in “/Operations/eric” as “/”.30060 2017-01-17 11:56:42 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 Canonical file name requested for ”.”.30019 2017-01-17 11:56:43 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 Listing folder “/” 30020 2017-01-17 11:56:43 Process user 127.0.0.1:50568 Successfully listed folder “/”.
- The audit trail is made available in log/ for UNIX .log for Windows and is available for data backup by the administrator.
Currently there is no option to remove/clean log entries stored in a database from within the SFTPPlus software. More details about the audit trail at the event handlers page.
One thing to note is that if log rotation is not enabled, the log file can grow to an extremely large size. Log rotation can be enabled in this scenario. When log rotation is enabled, there is a value to keep all rotated files via rotate_count in the event handlers page.
- The administrator can set up email notifications based on event rules.
For example, when a connection fails the authentication step for an event with ID 20078 is created in the log system. Use an email notification event handler to send emails each time an event with ID 20078 is created by the log/audit system.
Further details in the email notifications page.
- Should there be failure in obtaining log recordings in the first place, these messages can help meet PMC-8.
For example, if there is a failure to start logging, the details are in stdout:
18.104.22.168:64175 Failed to get logs data since database “mysql-db-uuid” is not started.
When an email notification is setup but there is a misconfiguration to the email-client resource, this is also logged. The example below is for an event ID 20076, which triggered an email notification but led to an error:
20174 2017-01-29 20:20:05 log-email-handler Process 127.0.0.1:0 Failed to handle event 20076 by “Log Email Handler”. User timeout caused connection failure.
- As the PMC relates to management feedback activities, it is outside the scope of the software.
- SFTPPlus can help organisations meet the Aware segmentation model of this Protective Monitoring Control as it is dependent on meeting, at the minimum, PMC-7.