Documentation

9.7. RADIUS

The radius authentication method can be used to authenticate application type accounts by delegating the authentication to a remote RADIUS UDP server.

9.7.1. Introduction

When an authentication request is made for a file transfer session, SFTPPlus will use the provided credentials (username and password) and forward them to the configured RADIUS server for validation.

All authentication request are made using NAS-Port = 0. Contact our support team if you need to authenticate using a different NAS port number.

For now, PAP, CHAP, MS-CHAP-V1 and MS-CHAP-V2 are supported. Contact us if you need EAP-MD5 or other authentication protocols.

Note

Only UDP transport protocol is supported. If you require TCP support, contact our support team.

Successfully authenticated accounts are associated to the default group, or to a specific group based on the group_mapping configuration.

The implementation follows the RFC 2865 standard.

It supports multiple Filter-ID attributes, but this usage is not encouraged by RFC 5080.

Warning

Only use RADIUS over internal networks. RADIUS relies on MD5 and is not FIPS compliant.

9.7.2. name

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

From version

2.10.0

Values
  • Any text.

Description

Human-readable short text used to identify this method.

9.7.3. description

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

From version

2.10.0

Values
  • Any text.

Description

Human-readable text that describes the purpose of this authentication method.

9.7.4. type

Default value

''

Optional

No

From version

2.10.0

Values
  • application - Application accounts.

  • os - Accounts authenticated by the OS.

  • http - HTTP (unsecured).

  • ip-time-ban - Ban an IP address for a time interval.

  • deny-username - Deny authentication based on usernames.

  • anonymous - Anonymous account authentication.

  • ldap - Authenticate against an LDAP server.

  • local-file - Authenticate the accounts from a separate local file.

Description

This option specifies the type of the method. Each type has a set of specific configuration options

9.7.5. address

Default value

''

Optional

No

Values
  • Host name.

  • Fully qualified domain name resolving an IPv4 or IPv6 address.

  • IPv4 address.

  • IPv6 address.

From version

4.10.0

Description

Host name, domain name or IP address used to connect to the remote RADIUS server.

9.7.6. port

Default value

1812

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Port number.

From version

4.10.0

Description

Port number used by the remote RADIUS server.

9.7.7. shared_secret

Default value

''

Optional

No

Values
  • Clear text secret.

From version

4.10.0

Description

This is the shared secret defined between the RADIUS server and the SFPPlus application used to secure the communication.

9.7.8. authentication_type

Default value

'ms-chap-v2'

Optional

Yes

Values
  • pap

  • chap

  • ms-chap-v1

  • ms-chap-v2

From version

4.13.0

Description

The authentication type to use when sending the credentials to the RADIUS server.

Use pap for Password Authentication Protocol as specified in the main RADIUS documentation. Uses MD5.

Use chap for Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol as specified in the main RADIUS documentation. Uses MD5.

Use ms-chap for the Microsoft version of the Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol as specified in RFC 2548.

Use ms-chap-v2 for the Microsoft Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol Version 2 as specified in RFC 2759.

Warning

The current security standards no longer consider MS-CHAP-v2 as a secure authentication method. MS-CHAP-v2 is still in used as there are many legacy products using it.

With any authentication method, only use RADIUS over secure networks.

9.7.9. continue_authentication

Default value

No

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Yes

  • No

From version

4.10.0

Description

Whether to continue and try other authentication methods when RADIUS server has rejected the authentication request for the current user.

If the connection to the RADIUS server fails without receiving any response from the server, the authentication fails right away.

Note

This configuration is for continuing the authentication chain when the RADIUS server has rejected the access request.

See group_mapping = ${CONTINUE} for continuing the authentication chain on success.

9.7.10. timeout

Default value

60

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Number of seconds.

From version

4.13.0

Description

Duration, in seconds, to wait for a response from the RADIUS server.

If a response is not received during this period, the authentication fails.

Note

If the idle_connection_timeout value of a service is lower than the RADIUS timeout, then the login attempt may fail before the RADIUS server responds.

9.7.11. nas_port

Default value

'0'

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Integer number

From version

4.13.0

Description

Value of the RADIUS NAS-Port used for the access request.

For most configurations, this can be set to 0 (zero).

9.7.12. debug

Default value

'no'

Optional

Yes

Values
  • yes

  • no

From version

4.13.0

Description

When enabled, emit low-level protocol debug messages.

9.7.13. group_mapping

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Group UUID.

  • Comma separated RADIUS attribute name, matching value, and single group UUID.

  • Comma separated RADIUS attribute name, matching value, and multiple groups UUID (Since 4.20.0).

  • Empty value.

From version

4.10.0

Description

The group mapping configuration can be used to associate a successfully authenticated user with an SFTPPlus group, based on the RADIUS attributes found in the Access-Accept message.

Setting to a single group UUID will associate all the RADIUS authenticated accounts to the same SFTPPlus group.

You can create complex group mapping by specifying multiple groups which are selected based on RADIUS attribute names and values. Define group mappings, one rule per line.

The first line should always contain a single value which is the default group used in the case in which no RADIUS attribute is matched.

Subsequent lines will contain at least 3 comma separated values. The first value is the name of the RADIUS attribute, which is a case insensitive value. The second value is a matching expression used to match the value of the RADIUS attribute. The remaining values are the SFTPPlus groups UUID associate to the user. The first group in this list is the primary group.

You can use the ${CONTINUE} value instead of the group UUID to instruct SFTPPlus to continue authenticating using the next methods from the authentication chain.

Leave this configuration option empty to use the default SFTPPlus group configuration.