Documentation

7.2. Local file

To configure an event handler which sends events to a local file system, use the type local-file.

7.2.1. Introduction

Event entries are appended to the file, and the file can be configured to be rotated by external tools or automatically rotated by the server, based on size or time rules. The log format can be specified using the entry_content configuration option.

Warning

Please enable rotation, otherwise the log file can grow to an extremely large file.

7.2.2. name

Default value

''

Optional

No

From version

2.10.0

Values
  • Any text.

Description

Human-readable short text used to identify this event handler.

7.2.3. description

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

From version

2.10.0

Values
  • Any text.

Description

Human-readable text that describes the purpose of this event handler.

7.2.4. type

Default value

''

Optional

No

From version

2.10.0

Values
  • file-dispatcher - Dispatch a file into one or multiple paths.

  • http - HTTP POST request (unsecured).

  • local-file - Append events to a file located on the local file system.

  • email-sender - Send emails as an SMTP client.

  • windows-eventlog - Send events to Windows EventLog Service.

  • standard-stream - Send events to standard output.

  • syslog - Local Unix socket or remote IP:PORT address for Syslog.

  • create-archive - Create/Compresses one or more files.

  • extract-archive - Extract/Uncompressed a file.

  • external-executable - Execute an external script or program.

  • openpgp - Encrypt/Decrypt files using OpenPGP.

  • rabbitmq - Publish event to RabbitMQ AMQP 0-9-1 server.

  • extension - For custom event handlers implemented using our API.

Description

This option specifies the type of the event handler. Each type has a set of specific configuration options.

7.2.5. target

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Comma separated list of event ids.

  • Comma separated list of event ids starting with an exclamation mark.

  • Leave empty to handle all events.

From version

2.10.0

Description

Define a comma separated list of event ids to have the event handler triggered only for those events.

When you want to have it triggered for all the events, excepting a few events you should prefix each event id with the exclamation mark (!).

Leave it empty to handle all events.

Note

Combining the two methods is not supported as the same result can be achieved by allowing only the desired events, all the others will be ignored.

7.2.6. groups

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Comma separated list of event groups.

  • Comma separated list of event groups starting with an exclamation mark.

  • Empty.

From version

3.39.0

Description

Defines the list of event groups for which this handler is active.

When you want to handle all the events, except for the ones from a set of groups, prefix the group names with the exclamation mark (!).

An event can be a member of one or multiple groups. The event is handled if any of its groups is found in the list of configured allowed groups. The event is not handled if any of its groups is found in the list of configured ignored groups (starting with !).

Leave it empty to handle events from all groups.

7.2.7. usernames

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Comma separated list of usernames.

  • Comma separated list of usernames starting with an exclamation mark.

  • Leave empty to handle all events.

From version

3.9.0

Description

Comma separated list of usernames whose events are handled by this event handler. A username can include OS accounts, application accounts, and any accounts accepted by any authentication method including external HTTP accounts.

When you want to have it triggered for all the events, excepting a few events you should prefix each username with the exclamation mark (!).

Leave it empty to handle events from any users or events which are not associated with any user.

7.2.8. components

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Comma separated list of UUIDs.

  • Comma separated list of UUIDs starting with an exclamation mark.

  • Leave empty to handle all events.

From version

3.18.0

Description

Comma separated list of component UUIDs for which events are handled by this event handler.

When you want to have it triggered for all the events, excepting a few events you should prefix each UUID with the exclamation mark (!).

Leave it empty to handle events emitted by any component.

7.2.9. source_addresses

Default value

Empty

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Comma separated list of IP addresses.

  • List of IP addresses starting with an exclamation mark.

  • Empty.

From version

3.40.0

Description

Comma separated list of source IP addresses of the remote peers, which are handled by this event handler.

When you want to have it triggered for all the addresses, excepting a few addresses you should prefix each address with the exclamation mark (!).

Leave it empty to handle events emitted by any source address.

7.2.10. data_filter

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Comma separated list of data member name and filter expression.

  • Leave empty to handle all events.

From version

3.22.0

Description

Comma separated definition with name of attribute data member and the targeted matching expression.

Data member names are configured with insensitive cases.

For more details about the available expressions see the matching expression documentation.

The following example will extract the to be matched/filtered value from the path data member of the event. The extracted value is then matched against the */folderA/* globbing expression:

[event-handlers/b904ed23-a234-4ccf-8abd-edcae4d3324f]
data_filter = path, */folderA/*

See the usage instructions for more operational details.

You can filter only based on a single data member with a single matching expression.

Leave it empty to not filter based on the event's attached data.

7.2.11. fail_after_errors

Default value

10

Optional

Yes

From version

3.0.0

Values
  • An integer number greater than 0.

  • 0 Disabled.

Description

Number of consecutive errors after which the event handler will automatically stop with a failed state.

Setting this to 0 will disable the feature. The event handler will no longer stop regardless of the number of errors encountered.

7.2.12. path

Default value

log/server.log

Optional

No

Values
  • Local path.

  • Local path with variables.

From version

2.1.0

Description

This option specifies the path to a file where the events are to be stored.

You can use a set of variables as part of the path, which will be replaced with actual values once the event handler is started.

For example, to include the hostname in the log file name, you can define it as:

[event-handlers/b904ed23-a234-4ccf-8abd-edcae4d3324f]
path = /var/logs/sftpplus-{host.name}.log

The following variables are supported (case-insensitive):

  • {host.name} - The name of the host.

  • {host.fqdn} - The fully qualified domain name of the host.

7.2.13. rotate_external

Default value

No

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Yes

  • No

From version

2.1.0

Description

This is used when external applications for rotating the files are employed. When this option is set, the server will monitor the file and will reopen the file handler if the file was moved by an external log rotating system.

Note

Rotating log files using external applications is not available on Windows, as the server will always keep a file handler to the log file, which prevents any external application from moving the log file.

7.2.14. rotate_at_size

Default value

0

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Number of bytes at which the file will be rotated.

  • Disabled or 0 to disable rotation based on file size.

From version

2.1.0

Description

The server can be configured to handle file rotation by itself, based on file size. To enable file rotation based on file size, set this to the size for which the file will be rotated. The size is defined in bytes. For example, to enable file rotation at 10 MB, you will need to set the value of 10,485,760.

Warning

Size-based rotation is ignored when rotate_on is configured.

In order to enable size-based rotation it is required to disable the rotate_on configuration option by setting value to Disabled.

7.2.15. rotate_on

Default value

Disabled

Optional

Yes

Values
  • DAY_NUMBER day-of-month

  • HOUR:MINUTES time-of-day

  • Disabled

From version

3.13.0

Description

To configure file rotation based on calendar day or daily at certain time, set this to the calendar day or time at which the file will be rotated.

The rotation is only done when the handler is running. If the handler is stopped at the time of a configured rotation, it will not rotate the file and will only rotate at the next time when it is running.

The calendar day is expressed as an integer number (from 1 to 31) that represents the day of a month and the word 'day-of-month'.

The time is expressed as two integers separated by double colon, the first representing the hour (from 0 to 23) and the second representing minutes (from 0 to 59).

The file is rotated each month at the start of the specified day or each day at the specified time. When configured with day-of-month the rotation happens at 00:00 / 12AM hour in the rotation day.

If the month doesn't have the specified calendar day (like February doesn't have 30th day), the file will be rotated on the last day of the month.

For example, 2 day-of-month means rotate the file on the second day of every month. 14:32 time-of-day means rotate the file every day at 14 / 2PM, 32 minutes and 0 seconds, local time.

31 day-of-month means rotate the file on the last day of every month (i.e. in April, the file would be rotated on 30th April). 30 day-of-month means rotate the file on 30th day of each month (but in February it would be rotated on the last day).

When a file is rotated, the base file is renamed, and its new file name is formatted using the following format base-file-name.YYYY-MM-DD for monthly-based rotation or base-file-name.YYYY-MM-DDThhmmss.sssss for daily-based rotation. base-file-name is replaced with base log file name (e.g. server.log), YYYY is replaced with the current year, MM is replaced with the current month, DD with the current day of the month, hh with the current hour, mm with current minute and ss.ssssss with current second and microsecond.

For example, if the base file name is server.log and today is 10th August 2016, the rotated file is named server.log.2016-08-10. For daily rotation at 14:30, the file is named server.log.2016-08-10T143000.000.

If the rotated log file with such name already exists, then it is replaced by the newest file.

Warning

To enable rotation based on calendar day or time of day it is required to disable the`rotate_external` configuration option.

7.2.16. rotate_count

Default value

0

Optional

Yes

Values
  • number

  • 0 to keep all rotated files.

  • -1 to enable rotation in place.

From version

2.1.0

Description

This option defines whether to keep all rotated log files, to rotate the log file in place or to keep the only certain amount of rotated log files.

By default, all rotated log files are kept.

If log rotation in place is enabled, then on rotation, the log file content is removed and no rotated file is created.

If it is configured (using an positive integer number) to keep specific number of rotated files, the oldest rotated log files are deleted.

When rotate_at_size is enabled, rotated file names will contain the rotation number appended to the base file name. For example, with this configuration:

[event-handlers/b904ed23-a234-4ccf-8abd-edcae4d3324f]
rotate_count = 5
path = log/app.log

You would get log/app.log, log/app.log.1, log/app.log.2, up to log/app.log.5. The file being written to is always log/app.log.

When rotate_on is enabled, rotated file names will contain YEAR-MONTH-DAY-HOUR-MINUTE-SECOND appended to the base name.

For a file rotated at 2012-04-25 15:34:00 with a base file name log/app.log, the rotated file name will be log/app.log.2012-04-25-15-34-00.

7.2.17. entry_content

Default value

{timestamp.iso_8601_local} {id} {component.uuid} {account.name} {account.peer.address}:{account.peer.port} {message}

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Format string.

From version

3.13.0

Description

The log format can be configured using a format string. By default, every line starts with the event id but this can be changed. For example, to show the date first, only the peer address and a Unix newline:

[event-handlers/b904ed23-v254-4ccf-8abd-edcae4d3324f]
entry_content = {timestamp.cwa_14051} {id} {account.peer.address}
{message} {LF}

If the format string does not end with a newline character ({LF} or {CR}{LF}) it will be added accordingly to the current platform (i.e. LF on Unix-like systems and CR+LF on Windows).

The following variables (case-insensitive) are provided as context data containing information about the event being triggered:

  • id

  • uuid

  • message

  • account.name

  • account.peer.address

  • account.peer.port

  • account.peer.protocol

  • account.peer.family

  • account.uuid

  • component.name

  • component.type

  • component.uuid

  • timestamp.cwa_14051

  • timestamp.iso_8601

  • timestamp.iso_8601_fractional

  • timestamp.iso_8601_local

  • timestamp.iso_8601_basic

  • timestamp.iso_8601_compact

  • timestamp.timestamp

  • server.name

  • server.uuid

  • data.DATA_MEMBER_NAME

  • data_json

Note

This configuration is ignored if the structured_fields option is set.

7.2.18. structured_fields

Default value

''

Optional

Yes

Values
  • Comma separated event fields.

From version

3.21.0

Description

When this configuration option is defined, the log handler will store log entries in a CSV file with the header being the field names.

The value should be a comma separated list of fields such as:

[event-handlers/b904ed23-v254-4ccf-8abd-edcae4d3324f]
structured_fields = timestamp.cwa_14051, id, account.peer.address,
message

Leaving this option empty disables CSV logging.

The entry_content configuration is ignored when the option is not empty.

Note

When changing this configuration, the header will only be written when it is opening a new file.

The following variables (case-insensitive) are provided as context data containing information about the event being triggered:

  • id

  • uuid

  • message

  • account.name

  • account.peer.address

  • account.peer.port

  • account.peer.protocol

  • account.peer.family

  • account.uuid

  • component.name

  • component.type

  • component.uuid

  • timestamp.cwa_14051

  • timestamp.iso_8601

  • timestamp.iso_8601_fractional

  • timestamp.iso_8601_local

  • timestamp.iso_8601_basic

  • timestamp.iso_8601_compact

  • timestamp.timestamp

  • server.name

  • server.uuid

  • data.DATA_MEMBER_NAME

  • data_json